Cystitis (UTI)

You can buy antibiotics for Cystitis online without a prescription using our online pharmacy consultation service.

Cystitis is a common type of urinary tract infection (UTI). Cystitis is not usually serious or life-threatening, and mild symptoms often disappear on their own. Symptoms may include the need to urinate frequently and stinging while urinating.

To read more about Cystitis please read information compiled by our medical team below or visit NHS Choices information page.

 

 

Cystitis (UTI) treatment options

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    Macrobid Nitrofurantoin

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Cystitis (UTI) Information

You can buy antibiotics for Cystitis online without a prescription using our online pharmacy consultation service.

Cystitis is a common type of urinary tract infection (UTI). Cystitis is not usually serious or life-threatening, and mild symptoms often disappear on their own. Symptoms may include the need to urinate frequently and stinging while urinating.

To read more about Cystitis please read information compiled by our medical team below or visit NHS Choices information page.

 

 

Overview

What is Cystitis?


Almost half of all women in the UK will suffer at least one episode of urinary tract infection once in their lifetime. Cystitis is a common form of urinary tract infection (UTI), and commonly affects women. It is not considered a sexually transmitted infection however being sexually active can increase your chances of contracting it. Whilst it is not a serious cause for concern, it can cause pain and discomfort. Mild cases can get better by themselves.

Although it affects men too, it is more prevalent in females as their urethra is shorter and closer to the anus, so it’s easier for bacteria to cause the infection.

Cystitis usually causes symptoms such as frequent urination (pain etc.), bloody urine (change in colour) and abdominal pain. Cold like symptoms are not uncommon as well as fatigue and nausea.

UTIs disrupt daily lives causing pain, discomfort and inconvenience. The infection typically lasts for 4-9 days.

 

 

Causes

What causes Cystitis (urine infection)?


To put it simply, UTIs such as Cystitis develop when bacteria infects part of the urinary tract. Bacteria from the digestive system cause most UTIs. They can enter through the urethra or more rarely the bloodstream. This bacteria can move through the urinary tract and cause infection of your urethra, bladder and kidneys.

There is no set cause behind urinary tract infections however risk factors include:

●     Being sexually active

●     Using a diaphragm for contraception

●     Spermicide in condoms

Treatments

How do I treat a Urine Infection (Cystitis)?


Treatment of Cystitis is simple and effective using antibiotics such as Trimethoprim, will more often than not clear the symptoms in a matter of days. In addition to the antibiotic (trimethoprim or nitrofurantoin) you may also use painkillers to relieve symptoms of pain or discomfort.

At Cloud Pharmacy, our pharmacist recommends lifestyle factors that can contribute to easing any symptoms of cystitis. These include staying hydrated to help flush the infection out. There is no evidence to suggest cranberry juice is more effective than other liquids in clearing a UTI; we choose to practice evidence based medicine meaning our treatments are all backed up by research. It is also important to remember to avoid using scented soaps, perfumes or lotions on your vagina. The vagina is very much capable of keeping itself clean and introducing foreign agents such as lotions and soaps etc… will disrupt that flora and increase the risk of getting a UTI. Finally, it is important to remember to urinate after any form of sexual contacts where there is an exchange of fluids. The fluids can mix with bacteria in the rear passage and travel up the urethra, leading to a UTI, urinate straight after helps prevents the bacteria from travelling up the urethra.

Symptoms

What are the symptoms of a urine infection (Cystitis)?

The most common symptoms of cystitis are: 

  • Burning, stinging or pain when you urinate
  • Feeling the need to urinate frequently
  • Only being able to produce small amounts of urine
  • Some pain behind the pubic bone or in the lower back

Other symptoms that may be present and indicate a more serious infection are:

  • Severe pain behind the pubic bone or in the lower back
  • Pain in the flanks (the sides of your lower back – where your kidney are located)
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fever (temperature over 38°C)
  • Blood in the urine

If any of the above symptoms are present you should consult a doctor as your infection may have moved up your urinary tract to your kidneys (called pyelonephritis) and require more serious treatment.

Urinary tract infections in children, men and the elderly should always be treated by their GP. In children sometimes the only symptom present may be fever, although they can also include not feeding/eating, sickness, increased sleep or incontinence (weak bladder). Symptoms may also be absent in the elderly but are more likely to include incontinence, confusion or fatigue.

It is important to know the difference between cystitis and thrush, two conditions that are often confused and mistreated by people who are self-medicating.

FAQ

  • What is Cystitis and what are it's causes?

    Cystitis is the inflammation of the bladder wall. This can be caused by a bacterial infection (usually by E. coli which lives harmlessly in the intestine) or from physical irritation or bruising during sexual intercourse. The bacteria move upwards via the urethra (the tube that connects the bladder to the outside world) and attaches to the bladder wall causing the pain, frequency and discomfort associated with cystitis.

  • How infectious is Cystitis?

    Cystitis is an infection, however it cannot be transmitted like the common cold. Cystitis is not contagious; you do not need to worry about passing it on to others.

  • What is the treatment for Cystitis?

    There are a number of different treatments for cystitis.

    You can use simple sachets that make the urine less acidic and stop the burning sensation e.g Cystopurin, Cymalon, Potassium Citrate Mixture & Canesten Oasis.

    As cystitis is a bacterial infection it can also be treated using antibiotics; Trimethoprim is the most common. It is eliminated from the body in the urine, therefore it occurs in high concentrations exactly where it is needed for effective treatment. Trimethoprim is available to treat cystitis in women through our Online Pharmacy. Other antibiotics can be used to treat cystitis if Trimethoprim is not suitable, these can be prescribed by your GP.

  • What are the symptoms of Cystitis?

    If you have had a urinary tract infection before you may recognise the symptoms. These can include:

    • a burning or stinging sensation when you pass urine.
    • the urgency and increased frequency of passing water.
    • only being able to produce small amounts of urine.


    See the 'Symptoms' section above for a detailed overview of the symptoms of cystitis.

  • When should I feel better after taking antibiotics?

    The burning sensation, frequency of and the urgency of passing urine can start to subside in as little as a few hours but will usually resolve after a day of starting antibiotic treatment. After the initial symptoms have resolved you maybe left with a few days of irritation. You should never stop your antibiotic treatment early, even if you begin to feel better.

  • What can I take for the pain associated with Cystitis?

    Over-the-counter painkillers, like ibuprofen, aspirin and paracetamol, are fine for treating the pain of cystitis. These can be taken with trimethoprim but always check with your pharmacist or GP if you are on any other medicines.

     

  • What do I do if I don't feel better after taking antibiotics?

    Trimethoprim is eliminated from the body in the urine, this means it is present in large concentrations exactly where it is needed. It is normally prescribed straight away, without sending a sample off for analysis because it works so quickly.

    If you have not seen an improvement in your symptoms within 48 hours you need to see your doctor face to face. Your infection may be resistant to the first line treatment of trimethoprim and they can send a fresh urine sample off for analysis to identify the bacterial cause of your infection. Your cystitis can then be accurately treated with a different antibiotic to which there is no resistance.

  • When I take antibiotics I sometimes get Thrush, why does this happen?

    Thrush is caused when the naturally occurring yeast, Candida Albicans, overgrows in the vagina. This usually happens after a course of antibiotics because they reduce bacteria in the vagina that regulate the yeast. As the candida over grows the symptoms of thrush develop. This is completely normal and is easy to treat with a Fluconazole 150mg Capsule.

  • When I take antibiotics I sometimes get Thrush, why does this happen?

    Thrush is caused when the naturally occurring yeast, Candida Albicans, overgrows in the vagina. This usually happens after a course of antibiotics because they reduce bacteria in the vagina that regulate the yeast. As the candida over grows the symptoms of thrush develop. This is completely normal and is easy to treat with a Fluconazole 150mg Capsule.

  • Can I treat Cystitis with cranberry juice?

    Cranberry juice does not cure or treat the symptoms of cystitis but it is thought to stop the bacteria from attaching to the wall of the bladder and urethra. This makes is more useful for prevention rather than cure.

    The evidence for this is limited with some studies showing that it does work and others showing it had little effect.

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Cystitis (UTI) Treatment Comparison